Infant oral health is one of the foundations upon which preventive education and dental care must be built to enhance the opportunity for a lifetime free from preventable oral disease.
- 42% of children 2 to 11 have had dental caries in their primary teeth.
- 23% of children 2 to 11 have untreated dental caries.
- Dental caries is five times more common than asthma and seven times more common than hay fever in children.
- Early childhood caries (ECC) and the more severe form of ECC can be particularly virulent forms of caries, beginning soon after tooth eruption, developing on smooth surfaces, progressing rapidly, and having a lasting detrimental impact on the dentition
- Caries in primary teeth can affect children's growth, result in significant pain and potentially life-threatening infection, and diminish overall quality of life.
- Establishment of dental home A dental home is defined as an ongoing, comprehensive relationship between the dentist and the patient (and parents), inclusive of all aspects of oral health delivered in a continuously accessible, coordinated, and family-centered way.
- Teething The appearance of the first tooth is most eagerly awaited, significant developmental landmarks by most parents. Teething Latin term “Dentitio difficili” was coined, literally meaning difficult dentition.
- Signs and symptoms of teething intermittent localized discomfort in the area of erupting primary teeth
- inflammation of the mucous membrane overlying the tooth,
- general irritability/malaise
- disturbed sleep
- facial flushing/circumoral rash
- gum rubbing/biting/sucking
- bowel upset (ranging from constipation to loose stools and diarrhea)
- loss of appetite/alteration in volume of fluid intake and ear rubbing on the same side as the erupting tooth.
- Teething rings (chilled)
- Hard sugar-free teething rusks/bread-sticks/oven-hardened bread
- Cucumber peeled
- Pacifier (even frozen)
- Frozen items (anything from ice cubes to frozen bagels, frozen banana, sliced fruits, vegetables)
- Rub gums with clean finger, cool spoon, wet gauze
- Topical anesthetics.
Oral hygiene measures should be implemented no later than the time of eruption of the first primary tooth.
- leansing the infant's teeth as soon as they erupt with a soft toothbrush will help reduce bacterial colonization
- Toothbrushing should be performed for children by a parent twice daily,
Diet counseling during infant oral health visit
- Infants should be exclusively breastfed during first 6 months of life followed by addition of iron-enriched solid food between 6 and 12 months of age.
- Parents should be counseled about no to put their children to sleep with the bottle.
- Infants older than 6 months and with exposure to < 0.3 ppm fluoride in their drinking water need dietary fluoride supplement of 0.25 mg fluoride per day.
- Parents should be counseled to reduce their child sugar consumption frequency.
In children with moderate or high caries risk under the age of 2, a “smear” of fluoridated toothpaste should be used.
In all children aged 2–5 years, a “pea-size” amount should be used. Professionally applied topical fluoride, such as fluoride varnish, should be considered for children at risk for caries.
Gum disease is one of the most prevalent disease.
The success of treatment is generally measured on its ability to reduce or eliminate inflammation; decrease pocket depth; and stop or slow attachment and bone loss. To better understand the treatment options, you should understand these three goals of treatment:
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WHAT IS OZONE THERAPY IN DENTISTRY ?
Antimicrobial effect of ozone is the most studied. Oxygen/ozone therapy in dentistry contains a multiplicity of protocols to deal with dental infection.
MODE OF ADMINISTRATION
Three fundamental forms of application to oral tissue are applied — (1) ozonated water, (2) ozonated olive oil, and (3) oxygen/ozone gas.
- Dental caries
- Root canal theraphy
- Hypersensitive teeth
- Enhanced esthetic tooth bleaching
- Reccurent aphthous stomatitis
- 3rd molar surgery
- oral lichen planus
- Tissue regeneration
- pain control
- temperojoint disorder treatment
- Gum recession treatment
- autoimmune disorder
- ozone allergy